Whether you're dreaming of becoming a commercial airline pilot or just want to learn to fly for fun, there's a pilot license or rating that's right for you. In this blog post, we'll take a look at the different types of pilot licenses and ratings available, and what each one allows you to do.
Becoming a pilot
To become a pilot, you need to obtain a series of pilot licenses. The most common route is to start with a Student Pilot License (SPL), followed by a Private Pilot License (PPL), a Commercial Pilot License (CPL), and an Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL).
1. Student Pilot License (SPL)
To get your SPL, you need to pass a written exam. You must also be at least 16 years old and have a valid medical certificate.
2. Private Pilot License (PPL)
To get your PPL, you need to complete additional flight training and pass another written exam and practical flight test. You must also be at least 17 years old and have at least 40 hours practical flying experience needed.
3. Commercial Pilot License (CPL)
To get your CPL, you need to complete even more flight training and pass additional written exams and practical flight tests. You must also be at least 18 years old and have at least 200 hours of total flight time.
4. Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL)
To get your ATPL, you need to complete the most flight training and pass the most exams of all the pilot licenses. You must also be at least 21 years old and have at least 1,500 hours of total flight time, including 500 hours of cross country flight time.
In addition to pilot licenses, there are also a number of ratings that pilots can earn. Ratings allow pilots to fly certain types of aircraft or to fly in certain conditions. Some common ratings include:
Instrument rating (IR): The IR allows pilots to fly in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC), which means that they cannot see the ground or other aircraft outside of the cockpit.
Multi-engine rating (ME): The ME rating allows pilots to fly multi-engine airplanes.
Flight instructor rating (AFI): The AFI rating allows pilots to teach others how to fly.
Which pilot license and ratings are right for you?
The type of pilot license and ratings that you need will depend on your flying goals. If you're just interested in flying for fun, you may only need a private pilot license. If you want to fly for a living, you'll need a commercial pilot license and may need additional ratings, such as a multi-engine rating or an instrument rating.
If you're not sure which type of pilot license or ratings you need, you can talk to a flight instructor. They can help you assess your needs and develop a training plan.
How to obtain a pilot license and ratings
To obtain a pilot license or rating, you must complete the required training and pass the required exams. You can find training programs at flight schools and aviation colleges.
Here is a general overview of the steps involved in obtaining a pilot license and ratings:
Find a flight school or aviation college that offers the training and ratings that you need.
Enroll in the training program and complete the required coursework and flight training.
Pass the required exams, which are administered by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).
Apply for and receive your pilot license or rating from the DGCA.
There are different types of pilot licenses and ratings that you can obtain, depending on your flying goals. If you're not sure which type of license or ratings you need, you can talk to a flight instructor. They can help you assess your needs and develop a training plan.